Built on the foundations of a twelfth-century Franciscan oratory located outside the city walls, the imposing church of Santa Croce that today dominates the square before it was consecrated in 1443, although the facade in white, red and green marbles was only completed in 1865.
In this Basilica painting and sculpture merge admirably; the building is in fact known for the numerous chapels patronized by the most important Florentine families of the time and which retain the greatest testimony of Florentine painting of the fourteenth century, as well as for hosting funeral monuments and tombs full of marble sculptures dedicated to some of the most illustrious protagonists of the arts.
In fact, we find the tomb of Ugo Foscolo, of Michelangelo, of Galileo Galilei, of Leon Battista Alberti, Leonardo Bruni, Gioacchino Rossini, the funeral monument in honor of Dante Alighieri and many others.
Among the chapels are worth noting: the Cappella Maggiore frescoed by Agnolo Gaddi around 1380 with Stories of the invention of the true cross (a dedication to the name of the church); on its right we find the Bardi Chapel frescoed with Storie di San Francesco and next to the Peruzzi Chapel frescoed with Stories of San Giovanni Battista and Evangelista, both realized by Giotto between 1320 and 1325; continuing you will find the Baroncelli Chapel frescoed by Taddeo Gaddi with Stories of the Life of the Virgin and the Infancy of Christ; the Castellani Chapel with Stories of Saints made by Agnolo Gaddi, and many other environments.
Outside we also find the Pazzi Chapel created by Filippo Brunelleschi and never completed, a space with a sober geometry but decorated with frescoes, stuccos and rounds of glazed pottery.
These are just some of the main environments of this wonderful Basilica that is worth visiting, we leave the rest to you to discover...